NEWS: Some information on Single Board Computers

Just so you can get started browsing.

No liability is assummed for this information. All information is preiminary and best effort.
If you know of corrections or updates, let the webmaster know.
Name CPU Type CPU Features O.S.
Arduino ATmega328 Family Atmel 8-bit AVR RISC-based microcontroller. On-chip flash, eeprom, and ram.On-chip 6 or 8bit D/A converter, 3 timer-counters, 6 PWM channels, usart, 23 programmable I/O lines, watchDog timer, external & internal interrupts, 32 GP registers, static operation, and more.

Arduino programming language (based on Wiring) and Arduino development environment (based on Processing Processing).
C programming compiler.

Raspberry Pi BCM2835 (Broadcom) BCM2835 (Containing an ARM) Various Linux
Beagle Bone TI Sitara AM3358AZCZ100i ARM (Advanced RISC Machine) Architecture Android, Ubuntu Linux
Basic Stamp PIC16C56a,
PIC16C56a: Microchip Technology Inc. is a leading provider of microcontrollers, headquartered in Chandler, Arizona . SX28AC,SX48BD: Configurable Communications Controllers
Parallax PBASIC language interpreter
Spin Stamp SS1-IC Spin Stamp: Being obsoleted in favor of the Propeller Chip.  
Java Stamp Yes, the PCB is now pink. Javelin Stamp Module - Retired